Droit de la propriété intellectuelle


Nespresso capsules : what else…than the end of IP protection  ?

Nespresso capsules : what else…than the end of IP protection ?
20/09/2017

In 1986, food giant Nestlé revolutionized the world of coffee by introducing the Nespresso machine and premium portioned coffee, making it possible for every consumer to have an espresso at home.

Since then, Nestlé used all the available means to protect its invention from its competitors and tried to keep the exclusivity on “homemade” espressos for as long as possible.

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Le dirigeant de société face à la propriété intellectuelle

Le dirigeant de société face à la propriété intellectuelle
19/07/2017

La première règle dont nous parlerons dans cette actualité tient à la titularité ou, en d’autres termes, à la « propriété » des œuvres réalisées par un dirigeant de société.

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Mr. Philippe Péters

It's a matter of taste: CJEU questioned about copyright protection of taste
28/06/2017

Many a debate about whether or not something looks beautiful, sounds nice or tastes good has ended with the universal truism: well, tastes differ. While in practice such an agreement-to-disagree generally works well to avoid further conflict, in the legal world it is this kind of uncertainty that usually causes the conflict to begin with. When the available legal framework seems to leave room for opposing "flavours", it can be even necessary to obtain guidance from the Court of Justice of the European Union ("CJEU"). On 23 May 2017, the Court of Appeal of Arnhem-Leeuwarden, NL (Gerechtshof Arnhem-Leeuwarden, "CoA") sought a preliminary ruling by the CJEU on several questions in an effort to end an ongoing debate on whether or not a specific taste can be the subject of copyright protection. The case before the CJEU already has a number (C-310/17) but not much other information has been made available to the international public yet. This newsflash will therefore provide some backgrounds to the case and set out the questions referred to the CJEU together with a few general observations. For the interested reader, the CoA's judgement (in Dutch) can be found here.

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Mr. Thibaut D'hulst

Brussels Commercial Court: Parallel Imported Pharmaceuticals Must Comply with Latest Packaging
22/06/2017

On 27 April 2017, the President of the Dutch-language Commercial Court of Brussels (Nederlandstalige Rechtbank van Koophandel/Tribunal de commerce néerlandophone) decided a case concerning the repackaging of parallel imported pharmaceuticals, in which it applied the so-called “BMS”-criteria which the Court of Justice of the European Union (“ECJ”) developed in Bristol-Myers-Squibb (Case C-427/93).

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Mrs. Agnès Maqua

The Pirate Bay : CJEU puts an end to pirates' reign
20/06/2017

Yesterday (14.06.2017), the CJEU decided that platforms like Pirate Bay, that facilitate unauthorized access to works protected by copyrights shared via peer-tto-peer networks, infringe copyrights by making communication to the public of those works. 

In its judgement rendered today 14 June 2017, the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) has determined that a peer-to-peer (“P2P”) file sharing website like The Pirate Bay (“TPB”) can infringe copyright law, by making communications to the public of works shared without consent of their author.

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The Nespresso capsules : end of trademark  protection for Nestlé ?

The Nespresso capsules : end of trademark protection for Nestlé ?
09/06/2017

Nespresso, one of the brands of company Nestlé, has established a strong market position with its coffee machines and compatible capsules. These capsules have been strongly protected by patents over the years.

Nestlé’s patents lapsed however in 2001, leaving golden opportunities for competitors to create their own compatible capsules.

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Le streaming illégal prend l’eau : les lecteurs multimedia sont illégaux

Le streaming illégal prend l’eau : les lecteurs multimedia sont illégaux
30/05/2017

La vente d’un lecteur multimédia qui permet de regarder gratuitement et facilement, sur un écran de télévision, des films disponibles illégalement sur Internet peut constituer une violation du droit d’auteur. La reproduction temporaire sur ce lecteur d’une œuvre protégée par le droit d’auteur obtenue par diffusion en flux continu (« streaming ») n’est pas exemptée du droit de reproduction.

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Mrs. Annick Mottet Haugaard

The European Court of Justice further clarifies the notion of ‘communication to the public’ regarding copyright in a digital environment
19/05/2017

In its ruling of 26 April 2017 (C-527/15), the European Court of Justice (hereafter, the ECJ) has further clarified the concept of "communication to the public" in the digital environment.

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New Tax Deduction for Income from Innovation

New Tax Deduction for Income from Innovation
24/03/2017

On 2 February 2017, the House of Representatives adopted a bill providing for a new tax deduction for income from innovation. The new rules entered into force on 20 February 2017 and apply with retroactive effect as from 1 July 2016.

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Lawful computer program acquirers may not resell back-up copies of those programs

Lawful computer program acquirers may not resell back-up copies of those programs
13/03/2017

On 12 October 2016, the CJEU rendered its judgment in the Ranks and Vasiļevičs case. This is an interesting judgment because it is the first decision after the UsedSoft case regarding the rule of exhaustion of the computer program copyright protection under the Computer Program Directive, which generated a lot of media attention and opened up a market for "second-hand" software. The CJEU re-affirms the Usedsoft judgment but finds that lawful computer program acquirers may not resell back-up copies of those programs.

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